Tuesday, 4 October 2011

Upon startup of Linux database get ORA-27102: out of memory Linux-X86_64 Error: 28: No space left on device

Applies to:  [ID 301830.1]
Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: to - Release: 9.2 to 11.2
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Server x86-64 (AMD Opteron Architecture)
x86 64 bit (for Enterprise Linux only)
SUSE \ UnitedLinux x86-64
When trying to increase the SGA to approach half available RAM with an Oracle 64-bit version on a Linux 64-bit operating system, even though shmmax is set to match half the amount of  RAM, you get the following error when trying to start the instance:
SQL> startup nomount
ORA-27102: out of memory
Linux-x86_64 Error: 28: No space left on device  
shmall is too small, most likely is set to the default setting of 2097152
$ cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
shmall is the total amount of shared memory, in pages, that the system can use at one time.
Set shmall equal to the sum of all the SGAs on the system, divided by the page size. 
The page size can be determined using the following command: 
$ getconf PAGE_SIZE
For example, if the sum of all the SGAs on the system is 16Gb and the result of  '$ getconf PAGE_SIZE' is 4096 (4Kb) then set shmall to 4194304 pages
As the root user set the shmall to 4194304 in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
kernel.shmall = 4194304
then run the following command:
# sysctl -p
# cat /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
The above command loads the new value and a reboot is not necessary 
Switch back to being the oracle user and retry the startup command.
Modifying /etc/sysctl.conf is a permanent workaround (applies at boot time). If for some reason customers DO NOT want to change the system wide configuration, they can do it on the fly by directly changing the kernel pseudo FS AKA procfs
e.g. echo "4194304" > /proc/sys/kernel/shmall

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